The battle with weight loss can be frustrating. On the one hand, the world has moved to greasy and sugary fast foods, which makes gaining a few pounds a matter of weeks. 

But when you try to lose those pounds, it becomes a matter of months. Before you know it, you are grappling with a stubborn tire around your waist, which refuses to roll away no matter how much you stay active or diet. Had obesity been only about looks, a few extra pounds would not have mattered much. Unfortunately, those extra pounds can also invite diseases such as hypertension, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, etc.

It is not for no reason that doctors tell you to lose weight if you go with complaints of a lifestyle disease. But it is easier said than done, isn’t it? When you have been overweight for years, the fat tends to become “stubborn,” that is, it refuses to go away even after endless hours of exercise and crash dieting. But do not worry. If a healthy diet and exercise are not helping you lose those stubborn fats, you can take the help of weight loss pills as a last resort. These weight loss pills prevent overeating, induce fat burning, and keep you fit enough to exercise regularly. This article will talk about the five best weight loss pills in 2023.

5 Best Weight Loss Supplements- Reviewed By Dieticians

#1. PhenQ — Overall Best Weight Loss Pills To See Instant Results

#2. Leanbean — Guaranteed Weight Loss Pills For Women

#3. Trimtone — Recommended Appetite Suppressant That Help Boost Metabolism

#4. PrimeShred — Popular Weight Loss Drug Designed For Men

#5. Phen24 — Best Weight Loss Products For Higher Energy Levels

#1. PhenQ — Overall Best Weight Loss Pills To See Instant Results


An Overview 

Wolfson Brands (UK) Ltd creates PhenQ, an all-natural dieting formula made with ingredients that have been scientifically proven to be safe.

Weight loss supplements help you lose weight by suppressing your appetite, preventing overeating, increasing your body’s metabolic and thermogenic rates, and speeding up the fat-burning process. Certain ingredients inhibit the formation of new fat cells, while others boost energy and improve mood. As a result, it helps you maintain weight while not exhausting you.

You must take PhenQ consistently for at least two months to see effective results. The company offers a 60-day money-back guarantee. If dissatisfied with the product, you can return the two empty bottles and unopened bottles for a full refund (less shipping). You have 67 days after receiving the order—your 60-day trial plus a week for return shipping.

You can take PhenQ for as long as you need it. Vegans and vegetarians can eat the ingredients. Pregnant women or those who are still nursing their babies, as well as individuals under the age of 18, should avoid it. It’s also a good idea to consult your doctor if you have a medical condition or are taking prescription medication.

PhenQ is available for free global shipping from the company’s warehouses in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany. All orders are processed and shipped within 24 to 48 hours.



  • α-LACYS RESET® is a proprietary ingredient that boosts your metabolism and stimulates thermogenesis in your body, resulting in faster fat burning.
  • Capsimax Powder is a herbal supplement that contains capsicum, caffeine, piperine (black pepper), and niacin (Vitamin B3). It functions in two ways. Capsicum and piperine raise your body temperature, which promotes fat burning, while caffeine provides energy. Vitamin B3 improves general health. Piperine may also inhibit the formation of new fat cells.
  • Chromium picolinate is a natural mineral found in meat, vegetables, and whole grains. It improves sugar absorption by your cells, reducing cravings.
  • Caffeine is a stimulant that can reduce appetite and speed up fat burning.
  • Nopal is a high-fiber cactus that curbs your appetite. It is high in amino acids and provides energy. It also aids in the transfer of fluids from tissues to the bloodstream.
  • L-Carnitine fumarate is an amino acid in red meat, nuts, and green vegetables. It aids in the conversion of fat to energy. As a result, you will burn fat while combating dieting fatigue.

How its functions

  • α-LACYS RESET® and Capsimax burn stored fat
  • Chromium picolinate suppresses sugar cravings
  • Caffeine and nopal suppress appetite
  • Piperine inhibits fat production
  • Caffeine and L-carnitine fumarate increase energy


You must take one PhenQ weight loss pill with breakfast and one with lunch. Each bottle contains 60 weight loss pills, which are enough to last a month. Do not exceed this dosage.


  • The formula has been scientifically proven
  • The parent company is well-known in the health supplement industry 
  • The dosage is simple
  • The ingredients are vegetarian and vegan
  • The company has over 190,000 happy customers
  • There are no known negative side effects
  • You are entitled to a 60-day money-back guarantee
  • Multi-purchase discounts are available
  • Shipping is free worldwide
  • You do not require a prescription to buy these supplements


  • These are only available on the official website
  • Caffeine-sensitive people may experience insomnia
  • No vitamins or minerals barring Vitamin B3

#2. Leanbean — Guaranteed Weight Loss Pills For Women


An Overview 

Leanbean is a one-of-a-kind weight loss supplement, designed specifically for women. It contains no stimulants and is made from natural ingredients that have been clinically proven. You can burn stubborn fat because glucomannan suppresses your appetite. You have sufficient energy to continue your strenuous workouts. The nutrients in the weight loss pills also help with metabolism, digestion, and fatigue relief.

The brand’s shipping policies vary depending on the destination. Please see this page for more shipping information. Leanbean also provides a money-back guarantee, but only to customers who buy the Complete Bundle.

You must use Leanbean consistently for 90 days, supplemented by a workout schedule and a healthy diet. If dissatisfied with the results, you can return the empty containers for a refund within four months of purchase. This guarantee applies only to your first order. The company will not refund shipping costs and a $30 handling/processing fee.



  • Glucomannan is a dietary fiber derived from the root of the konjac plant. When combined with water, it expands in your stomach and keeps you full for a long time. As a result, you refrain from having cheat meals.
  • Choline is a nutrient the liver produces. It is essential for many bodily processes, including fat transport and cholesterol flushing.
  • Chromium picolinate is a trace mineral that helps with macronutrient metabolism. It also keeps blood glucose levels stable.
  • Vitamins B6 and B12 support a healthy metabolism. These aid in the treatment of fatigue and support muscle function and the normal functioning of the nervous system.
  • Chloride is an electrolyte that helps you stay healthy and hydrated. It collaborates with other electrolytes to help your stomach cells produce hydrochloric acid.
  • Zinc is an important mineral that improves immunity and reduces inflammation. It promotes muscle health by facilitating carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism and protein synthesis.
  • Green coffee contains a high concentration of antioxidants and chlorogenic acid. It has less caffeine than brown coffee.
  • Turmeric is a thermogenic spice that contains curcumin, an antioxidant. It has anti-inflammatory properties as well as numerous other advantages.
  • The skin of the tropical fruit Garcinia Cambogia contains a high concentration of hydroxycitric acid, which regulates appetite and prevents fat storage.
  • Acai berry is a high-fiber berry native to Central and South America. It has powerful antioxidant properties.
  • Piperine is derived from black pepper. It aids the body’s absorption of essential nutrients.

How its functions

  • Glucomannan and Garcinia Cambogia reduce cravings and calorie consumption.
  • Choline aids in fat metabolism.
  • Other ingredients boost energy and promote overall health.


  • You must take two capsules with water three times daily (i.e., six capsules daily). Take the weight loss pills half an hour before breakfast, lunch, and dinner with 8 oz water. Each bottle contains 180 capsules, which is enough for one month.


  • Vitamins and natural ingredients
  • The vegan-friendly formula is free of soy and gluten
  • Caffeine-free 
  • cGMP principles are followed in the manufacturing process
  • Produced in FDA-registered facilities
  • No adverse effects have been observed
  • Money-back guarantee for 90 days (with riders)


  • Inconvenient dosing
  • Not fit for men
  • You can buy the weight loss pills only on the official website

Only a few packages qualify for free shipping

#3. Trimtone — Recommended Appetite Suppressant That Help Boost Metabolism


An Overview 

Trimtone is yet another natural weight loss supplement made with scientifically proven ingredients. It contains no harmful ingredients, chemicals, or fillers.

Trimtone is safe for women, except for pregnant or breastfeeding women. You should consult your doctor if you have any health issues and are taking medication for them.

Free shipping is available on orders of three or more bottles. Orders are shipped from the company’s warehouses in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands within 24 to 48 hours.

Orders in the US or the UK are typically delivered within three to seven working days. Orders delivered in the rest of Europe take three to 20 working days.

The standard delivery time for the rest of the world is five to 21 days.

Trimtone offers a money-back guarantee of 100 days on orders of more than a month’s supply. Returning unopened containers for a full refund minus shipping costs is possible.



  • Caffeine is a stimulant that provides energy while promoting fat loss by increasing thermogenesis and lipolysis (fat breakdown).
  • Green coffee contains chlorogenic acid, which may reduce the fat and glucose absorbed by your gut. It is also thermogenic. It provides you with energy.
  • Green tea has been shown to boost metabolism and stimulate hormones that signal your cells to break down fat. Green tea contains catechins, which may help your body absorb fewer carbohydrates.
  • Grains of Paradise is a ginger-family herb. It may stimulate brown adipose tissue (BAT), which burns calories and regulates blood sugar levels. It keeps your energy levels stable throughout the day, resulting in fewer food cravings.
  • Glucomannan is a dietary fiber that expands in your stomach and keeps you full for an extended period, preventing overeating.

How it functions

  • Caffeine and glucomannan suppress appetite.
  • Grains of paradise burn calories and regulate blood sugar levels.
  • Caffeine and green coffee help burn fat.
  • Green tea boosts metabolism.


  • Take one capsule with 8 oz of water half an hour before breakfast. Each bottle contains 30 capsules, which will last you a month.


  • The ingredients are derived from nature
  • GMP-certified
  • Made in the United States
  • Dosage is convenient
  • There are no known side effects
  • Money-back guarantee of 100 days


  • Caffeine-sensitive individuals should avoid this product
  • Gelatin capsules are not suitable for vegans and vegetarians 
  • No vitamins or minerals in the formula
  • Only orders of three or more bottles qualify for free delivery

#4. PrimeShred — Popular Weight Loss Drug Designed For Men


An Overview 

The natural ingredients in PrimeShred supplement your body’s natural fat-burning processes, allowing you to burn fat faster and keep it off.

The formula boosts your metabolic rate and stimulates hormones and enzymes that control fat burning. It increases your physical and mental energy, preventing fatigue from taking over.

Some ingredients of this weight loss supplement cause lipolysis, the breakdown of fat in fat cells for the body to burn. These ingredients increase the levels of the hormones involved in lipolysis.

Your metabolism automatically burns the free fatty acids released by lipolysis in the following stages, thanks to PrimeShred’s powerful thermogenic ingredients. Nootropics and energy-boosting ingredients are also included in the formula to improve your mood and relieve stress.

The majority of items are shipped for free worldwide. If it is not, you will be charged when you check out. Orders in the US or the UK are typically delivered within three to seven working days. Orders for the rest of Europe arrive in three to 20 working days. The standard delivery time is five to 21 working days for the rest of the world.

PrimeShred provides a 100-day money-back guarantee. If dissatisfied with the results, you may return unopened containers and empty boxes within 100 days of receiving your order. The company will refund you in full, minus shipping costs.



  • Green tea extract increases metabolism and fat-burning hormones like norepinephrine. Triglycerides, a type of fat stored in your fat cells, are also reduced.
  • L-Tyrosine is an amino acid that improves focus by postponing the exhaustion of neurotransmitters that influence cognition. This enables you to focus on your workouts.
  • L-Theanine boosts metabolism by lowering fat and carb absorption while improving mood and focus.
  • Rhodiola Rosea root promotes fat burning by activating an enzyme that degrades stored fat. It also increases your energy levels and oxygen delivery to your muscles.
  • Caffeine anhydrous promotes the production of fat-burning hormones, which aid in breaking down fatty acids within fat cells. It boosts metabolism, accelerates fat burning, and enhances energy and concentration.
  • Cayenne pepper boosts metabolism and thermogenesis, allowing you to burn more calories and fat. It also increases the activity of key fat-burning enzymes and hormones, which leads to faster fat breakdown.
  • DMAE boosts the production of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that improves focus and alertness.
  • Green coffee boosts metabolism, stimulates thermogenesis, and reduces fatigue.
  • B vitamins help maintain a healthy metabolism and reduce fatigue.
  • Bioperine makes other ingredients more bioavailable.

How it functions

  • Caffeine and green tea are appetite suppressants.
  • Green tea and Rhodiola Rosea root aid in the production of fat-burning hormones.
  • Cayenne pepper shrinks the size of tenacious fat cells.
  • The remaining ingredients help improve your overall health, both physically and mentally.


  • Take three PrimeShred capsules about 20 minutes before breakfast. Each container contains 90 capsules, which should last for 30 days.


  • Natural ingredients 
  • Formula supported by science
  • Vegetarian-friendly (plant-based capsules made from hypromellose)
  • There is no soy, gluten, GMOs, artificial colors, sweeteners, or preservatives
  • Dosage convenience
  • There are no known negative side effects
  • cGMP-certified
  • Made in the United States
  • Money-back guarantee of 100 days


  • Not fit for women
  • Those who are caffeine-sensitive should avoid this product

#5. Phen24 — Best Weight Loss Products For Higher Energy Levels

An Overview 

Wolfson Brands (UK) Ltd, a leading weight loss supplement company, offers a weight loss supplement called Phen24. The brand’s products are well-known for their high quality and thoroughly researched ingredients. They are manufactured in FDA-approved facilities in strict adherence to all safety protocols.

Phen24 is a one-of-a-kind weight loss supplement that comes in Day and Night capsules. The concept is that your body operates differently during the day and at night. Both the Day and Night weight loss pills are vegetarian and vegan-friendly.

Phen24 is shipped worldwide for free from the company’s warehouses in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany. Orders are processed and shipped within 24 to 48 hours.

You have 14 days from the time you receive your order to cancel it. You must return the items in their original, undamaged packaging. The cost of return shipping is your responsibility. If you receive damaged goods, the company will send you a replacement at no extra charge.

If you purchase a couple of boxes of Phen24, you will receive a third box free; if you buy three boxes of Phen24, you will receive two free. The company offers a money-back guarantee for 60 days. If dissatisfied with the results, you have 67 days to return any unused Phen24 weight loss pills in their original packaging. The company will refund you in full, minus shipping costs.


Phen24 Day 


  • Protein weight loss supplements frequently contain L-Phenylalanine. This amino acid stimulates nitric oxide production and relaxes the gastrointestinal tract. It helps suppress your appetite without tiring you out.
  • Cayenne powder is a cayenne tree bark extract. Ephedrine, its main component, treats high blood pressure, depression, anxiety, asthma, fatigue, epilepsy, diabetes, and obesity. Cayenne pepper contains capsaicin, which may aid metabolism, blood circulation, and digestion.
  • Caffeine is a stimulant with thermogenic properties.
  • Guarana extract helps improve athletic performance by reducing fatigue. It also contains caffeine.
  • Minerals, such as zinc, iodine, copper, and manganese, are the building blocks of life.

How it functions

  • L-Phenylalanine suppresses appetite
  • Caffeine boosts thermogenesis
  • Cayenne pepper improves digestion and metabolism
  • Minerals keep you active and healthy

Phen24 Night 


  • Glucomannan is a water-soluble polymer that keeps you satisfied for several hours.
  • Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) is a naturally occurring acid in various foods, including citrus fruits. It is required for normal metabolism.
  • Green tea is a powerful antioxidant that can boost metabolism while suppressing appetite.
  • Hops extract reduces anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, and irritability. It may also increase appetite and aid digestion.
  • Vitamins keep you healthy and help your body function properly.

How it functions

  • Glucomannan and green tea are appetite suppressants.
  • Hops extract promotes restful sleep.
  • Vitamins keep you active and healthy.


  • Take one Phen24 Day pill with a glass of water before breakfast and two Phen24 Night pills 15 minutes before supper. Phen24 boxes contain 30 Day and 60 Night pills, which will last 30 days.


  • The parent company is well-known in the health supplement industry. 
  • The ingredients that have been thoroughly researched
  • Produced in FDA-approved facilities
  • Dosage is simple.
  • Vegan- and vegetarian-friendly
  • Worldwide shipping is free and quick.
  • Simple returns
  • Money-back guarantee for 60 days
  • Bulk purchases qualify for a discount.


  • The caffeine content of the Day capsules is quite high. This stimulant may disrupt your sleep if you are sensitive to it.

How We Selected The Weight Loss Pills That Actually Work?

Like everything else in the online world, there are good weight loss pills and outright fakes. So, how did we choose these five products as genuine and effective? We used certain criteria to select the five best weight loss pills in 2023 . They are as follows:

#1. Ingredients 

Most diet pills and weight loss supplements contain a few different types of ingredients. Many contain an appetite suppressant, preventing you from reaching for the refrigerator or going to your favorite neighborhood café for a cheat meal now and then.

Then, there are fat burners or thermogenic supplements. That is, they raise your body temperature, allowing your body to burn fat faster. It also contains a combination of nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, to help your body cope with the weight loss journey and the fatigue that comes with it.

We have thoroughly investigated each product to ensure that you receive all the weight loss benefits that the product claims.

#2. Security

Being effective on its own is insufficient. There are numerous types of weight loss pills on the market. Some may contain anabolic steroids without your knowledge. You won’t notice them until you start having side effects. The ingredients in our chosen products are all-natural and high-quality, with no steroids, banned substances, or anything else that could cause side effects.

#3. The Brand’s Market Standing

Some businesses are well-known for manufacturing high-quality fitness equipment and weight loss supplements. They have a reputation for providing high-quality healthcare products and have kept their promises for many years. Among their clients are celebrities. We considered only brands with a reputation in the weight loss and fitness industries for our list.

#4. Customer Feedback

Customer feedback is the ultimate product test. Only after many people have used a product can you learn about its efficacy and potential side effects. That is true even for products that have completed clinical trials. As a result, we painstakingly reviewed as many customer testimonials as possible to ensure that the products work and are safe.

#5. Refund Policy

The best products of weight loss supplements on the market include money-back guarantees. Such guarantees demonstrate a company’s confidence in its products. Anyone can make lofty promises, but that is not enough. The majority of the brands on our list offer a money-back guarantee. Customers are more likely to believe in a product with a money-back guarantee.

Buying Guid: Things To Consider Before Buying Dietary Supplements For Weight Loss

We have made every effort to provide you with the best products. However, you might want more from your weight loss pill or something else we missed. We recommend that you use this buying guide to make an informed decision when doing your research and looking for something more suitable.

#1. Determine Your Goal

Every body type is distinct, as are our weight loss goals. If you are severely overweight and want to lose a significant amount of weight from all over your body, a specific type of pill may be required. Those pills, however, may not be suitable for someone looking to lose stubborn belly and thigh fat.

If you are in good shape but want to tone your thighs, arms, and abs, you should try something different. Speak with your gym instructor or a fitness expert to determine which product is best for you.

#2. Examine the Ingredients

Discover how the product will assist you in losing weight. The ingredients are the first things to look at. How will each ingredient affect your body? Glucomannan, for example, is a popular weight loss ingredient these days. It fills you up, so you can avoid snacking and cheat meals.

Chromium picolinate, nopal, green tea, caffeine, Garcinia Cambogia, L-phenylalanine, and grains of paradise all work in different ways to accomplish the same goal. You won’t need such ingredients in your weight loss pills if you eat a healthy diet.

You should avoid caffeine-containing products if you are caffeine-sensitive. Avoiding guarana seeds, which contain caffeine, is also a good idea. Examine the ingredients and select a product that is likely to meet your requirements.

#3. Verify Safety

All-natural ingredients are preferable. Examine whether the products are manufactured in FDA-approved facilities using cGMP practices. You should avoid products containing steroids. You can also use natural products to shed pounds.

#4. Examine the Manufacturer’s Reputation

Investigate the manufacturer’s history if possible. Check to see if it has a good market reputation and has never been accused of unethical or illegal behavior. You should never put your trust in a product from a shady manufacturer.

#5. Read Customer Reviews

Finally, look for customer feedback on the brand’s website, third-party websites, and social media platforms. Positive customer feedback will reflect if the product is effective and the company follows sound business practices.

FAQs About Weight Loss Pills 

Q1: How do diet supplements or weight loss pills work?

A: Most weight loss pills and weight loss supplements contain ingredients that work in a variety of ways. Some ingredients target thermogenesis or the body’s ability to generate heat. The body generates energy through thermogenesis by burning calories. The body will start by burning any available fuel sources, which will most likely be sugars and fats from food.

When those are depleted, the body will begin to draw from its reserves, that is, the cells where fat is stored. Those are the stubborn fats that are usually the most difficult to lose. Fat-burning ingredients raise your body’s temperature, causing it to burn more calories than usual and turn to stubborn fat for fuel.

Second, some ingredients increase hormone levels involved in lipolysis or fat breakdown. This improves your body’s ability to break down stubborn fat faster. For example, phenylalanine regulates the release of the appetite-suppressing hormone cholecystokinin, which signals satiety in the brain.

Third, ingredients such as green tea extracts help the body use stored fat through oxidation. This procedure can also help you lose weight. Nopal cactus fiber suppresses appetite and binds to dietary fat, assisting in weight loss.

Fourth, appetite suppressants such as glucomannan keep your stomach full, making it difficult to stuff it with junk food or random snacks. In this study , chromium picolinate, for example, was shown to reduce food intake, promote satiety, and reduce fat intake.

Finally, the vitamins and minerals in weight loss pills make up for any energy you may have lost during your weight loss journey. They regulate your strength and mood, allowing you to stick to your workouts and diet.

Q2: If I take weight loss pills, do I have to diet and exercise?

A: Yes. There is no way out. These weight loss pills will not perform any miracles. You can’t eat chips, donuts, and burgers and expect your weight loss pills to take care of the extra fat and calories. weight loss pills will only help you if you eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. You must burn those stubborn fats, and the weight loss pills will only aid your efforts. You will never lose weight if your body accumulates fats and sugars faster than the weight loss pills can burn them away.

So, first, you should limit your calorie intake and avoid excessive fat and sugar consumption. High-fat foods, such as whole milk, cream, butter, cheese, fried foods, crisps, and nuts, should be avoided. If you don’t want to give them up completely, look for low-fat alternatives, such as skimmed milk, baked potatoes, low-fat spreads and cheeses, and so on. Always read the product’s labels to ensure they are low-fat. Grilled and boiled foods are preferable to fries and roasts.

You should not, however, skip meals. Eat at regular intervals and avoid starvation. It will end up doing more harm than good. It is best to avoid alcohol and sugary drinks.

Then there’s physical activity. When we say “exercise,” we do not mean strenuous gym workouts. You can make simple lifestyle changes to incorporate exercise. Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Take a walk to the shops. Exit the subway a few stations before your destination and walk the rest of the way. Go swimming or biking if possible. If you make these life changes, you will notice a difference.

Q3: When can I expect to see the results?

A: Everybody’s weight loss journey is different. Your weight loss goal, body type, genes, exercise regimen, and diet will influence how long it takes. One way to determine the time is to look at the brand’s money-back guarantee period. They set it based on when you should expect to see results. It can last anywhere between 60 and 100 days.

Q4: For how long should I take the weight loss pills and supplements?

A: You can keep taking these weight loss pills until you get the desired results. However, regular breaks are recommended, so your body does not become accustomed to them. Once you have reached your weight loss goal, maintain a healthy diet and exercise regimen to keep the pills’ effects going.

Q5: Do I need a prescription to buy diet pills?

A: No, but we recommend you consult your doctor before taking any supplement regularly, especially if you have serious health issues and are taking medications to treat them. In addition, stick to the supplement’s recommended dosage and don’t ignore any side effects. Do not take these supplements if you are under 18, pregnant, or breastfeeding.

Which Are The Most Successful Weight Loss Pills?

We have compiled a list of the best weight loss pills that have performed well in 2023. Each one contains a distinct blend of ingredients that aid in weight loss in various ways. But, in the end, they all help you lose weight, burn fat, increase your energy, and stay healthy.

While PhenQ is the overall best, Leanbean and PrimeShred are best for women and men, respectively. If overeating is your main problem, Trimtone is a great appetite suppressant. Phen24 has a unique formula that works night and day and even helps you lose weight when you sleep!

If you want to investigate other options, our buying guide should be useful. However, you must exercise caution when buying and consuming health supplements because the FDA does not regulate the market. If you are not cautious, a product may not only be ineffective but may also be harmful to your health.

Maintain a healthy diet and exercise routine in addition to taking the weight loss pills regularly and in the recommended dosage. Above all, consult your doctor before taking any such supplement.

The above is a sponsored post, the views expressed are those of the sponsor/author and do not represent the stand and views of Outlook Editorial.


By admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *